As optometrists in Chambersburg, PA, we understand that refractive errors in your eyes can be difficult. For this reason, our practice strives to help our patients understand what causes these issues and how they can be treated.
In this blog post, we will discuss the definition of refractive errors as well as some common causes such as genetics, lifestyle factors, and environmental conditions. We’ll also explain the diagnosis process and treatment options available for those suffering from these vision problems.
Definition of Refractive Errors
Refractive errors are a type of vision problem that occurs when the eye is unable to focus light properly on the retina. This can result in blurry or distorted vision that may require eyeglasses for a Chambersburg, PA, resident. The most common types of refractive errors include myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism, and presbyopia.
Causes of Refractive Errors
Refractive errors can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
Genetics plays a significant role in the development of refractive errors. If one or both of your parents have refractive errors, there’s an increased chance that you will too. However, it is also possible for someone to develop these issues without any family history.
Certain lifestyle factors, such as extended periods of near work (reading, writing, or using a computer), can increase the risk of developing refractive errors. Additionally, smoking has been linked to an increased risk of myopia.
Another factor that may increase the risk is environmental conditions. If you’re constantly exposed to high levels of air pollution or UV radiation, you may have a higher chance of developing refractive errors.
Health issues can also cause or worsen refractive errors. This is especially true for patients with diabetes, glaucoma, and thyroid disorders.
Diagnosis and Treatment
If you are experiencing vision problems, it’s important to schedule a comprehensive eye exam from an eye doctor in Chambersburg, PA. During the exam, your optometrist will be able to diagnose any refractive errors and determine which treatment options are best for you. Depending on the type of error, treatments can include eyeglasses or contact lenses, as well as surgery such as LASIK or PRK.
At Joel H McGahen OD in Chambersburg, PA, we strive to provide our patients with the best possible care and advice when dealing with refractive errors. If you’re experiencing blurry or distorted vision, don’t hesitate to contact us today at (717) 264-4012.