Diabetes is a medical condition marked by significantly high blood sugar levels. This can lead to various organ complications, such as diabetic retinopathy. Dr. Joel H. McGahen, OD, your low vision specialist, explains this problem in detail.
How It Happens
Increased glucose levels in your blood may cause it to become thicker, resulting in its sluggish flow. This may lead to poor nutrient and oxygen delivery to your eyes, impairing your visual processes. Your eyes may grow new blood vessels to compensate for the compromised blood circulation.
These new blood vessels, however, are inherently fragile and subject to easy rupture. This can result in fluid leaks in your eyes that may cause your macula to swell. You may see dark, floating spots across your visual field when this happens. You may also need frequent prescription change for your eyeglasses or contact lenses.
How It Is Managed
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the top five reasons behind vision loss worldwide. Early detection is key to saving your eyesight. If you or any of your relatives are diabetic, make it a habit to have your eyes checked regularly.
Another key component of diabetic retinopathy management is keeping your blood sugar levels stable. Take your medications as prescribed by your doctors. It’s also important to follow their recommended diet and lifestyle modifications. For severe cases of diabetic retinopathy, your eye doctor may administer substances that can suppress the growth of new blood vessels. Laser surgery may also be performed to seal leaking blood vessels.
For more information about diabetic eye care, call us at (717) 609-4443 or complete our form to schedule an appointment. We serve PA residents in Shippensburg, Greencastle and nearby Pennsylvania areas.
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